Warts are a normal, irritating, and confusing problem for parents and children alike. Warts are small bumps on the skin caused by viruses from the human papillomavirus (HPV) family. Warts are transmittable and are often found in school aged children. They rarely occur in children 2 years or younger. Although warts are caused by a virus and they are contagious, it is still not altogether understood why some people get them so easily, but other people in the same family, including household contacts, and their close friends and other contacts, remain resilient.
When to call your doctor
Let your Kovak Dermatology specialist know if your child has a wart on her face or genitals. If warts continue to grow or if they are painful, do not hesitate and call to set up a consultation.
The most common warts are flesh colored and have rough and irregular surfaces, have a dome shape, and can occur almost anywhere on a child’s body.
Types of Warts
There are many different types of warts, most of which look different either because they are growing in different parts of the body or because they are caused by different viruses.
Classic or Common Warts
Plantar Warts – typically on the soles of a child’s feet and can be painful. The little black dots in a plantar wart are broken blood vessels. Unlike a corn or callus, they do not retain the normal fingerprint marks around them.
Periungal Warts – warts around a fingernail or toenail
Flat Warts – smooth warts with flat tops and are often found on a child’s face
Molluscum Contagiosum – is not really a wart, but many doctors call them ‘little warts.’
Molluscum contagiosum is a common skin disease. It is caused by a virus. This virus easily spreads from patient to patient. People can get molluscum by sharing clothes and towels. Athletes, like wrestlers and gymnasts may get it from touching infected mats. Skin-to-skin contact also spreads the virus. Often the only sign of molluscum is pink or flesh-colored bumps on the skin. These bumps can appear anywhere on the skin. Whenever you can see the bumps on the skin, molluscum contagiosum is contagious.
Eczema is an expression for a group of medical ailments that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. The most common type of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. Atopic denotes a group of diseases with a genetic tendency to develop further allergic conditions, such as asthma and hay fever. Eczema affects 1 in 6 infants. Most infants who develop the condition grow up it by age ten. While some people continue to have symptoms on and off throughout life. With proper treatment, the disease often can be controlled.
Diaper rash is an exceedingly common condition in babies and is definitely not a sign of parental neglect, or serious skin condition. Diaper rash is simply contact dermatitis, it may become irritated and secondarily infected by bacteria that are normal on the skins surface.
Frequent diaper changes are the most effective prevention technique.
Newborns often have short-term pimples or blotches that soon disappear as they age. It’s also common to see birthmarks on their skin at birth or shortly after. Birthmarks range from hardly perceptible to deforming, but no matter how big or insignificant they are, they can be distressing. Birthmarks can be smooth or raised, have consistent or irregular borders, and have different shades of coloring.
The two main categories are vascular birthmarks and pigmented birthmarks. They’re mostly harmless and many even go away on their own or get smaller over time. Birthmarks sometime can signify other health problems, so it important to discuss them with a doctor about whether this might be the case for your child.
What Causes Birthmarks?
Birthmarks are unavoidable and they’re not caused by anything specifically. There’s no reality to the belief that birthmarks are caused by something the mother did or ate during pregnancy. The cause of most birthmarks is unknown.
This splotchy rash is particularly commonplace and it affects half of all normal newborns. It typically appears after a few days after birth. Erythema toxicum is not contagious. To identify the condition look for a rash of slight, beige or white bumps surrounded by red skin anywhere on the infant’s body except the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. The bumps may show up in one area and then promptly move to another area.
No treatment is needed. Erythema toxicum usually goes away on its own within a couple of weeks.
To schedule a consultation you can call the office by phone at (630) 758-0470 or click here to schedule online.